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A Mixed-Methods Approach to Analyzing Writing Center Session Notes

  • Zoe DeKruif Iowa State University
  • Jamie Smith Iowa State University
Keywords: Writing Center, Mixed-Methods


Linguistic corpus analysis is often an overlooked research method in writing center studies. This methodology has the potential to reveal countless patterns in datasets, but frequently lacks important details. Pairing corpus analysis with inductive coding—a qualitative approach—provides a comprehensive view of both overarching themes and specific information. This paper utilized this mixed-methods approach to explore the types of feedback that writing consultants provide to students during sessions at Iowa State University’s writing center. Session notes, written by a consultant during a writing session, contain an abundance of information surrounding the inner workings of writing centers, but few studies have recognized them as viable data sources. For the quantitative analysis, this study utilized AntConc to derive frequencies of commonly occurring words and n-grams in session notes. The qualitative analysis consisted of a process of inductivelycoding the data to identify commonly occurring themes and define them based on theirlinguistic realizations. By creating an initial coding guide, completing several rounds ofsession note annotations, and adjusting the guide as needed, inductive coding provideda level of context and detail that was instrumental in understanding the characteristics ofwriting center session notes.

Author Biographies

Zoe DeKruif, Iowa State University

Picture of Zoe DeKruif.

Zoe DeKruif is a Linguistics major with Anthropology and Classical Studies minors at Iowa State University. After graduating in 2024, she plans to attend graduate school to further explore her interests in Applied Linguistics.

Jamie Smith, Iowa State University

Picture of Jamie Smith.

Jamie Smith is a Communication Studies and Spanish double major at Iowa State University. After graduating in the spring of 2024, she hopes to attend graduate school to pursue her interests in intercultural communication and language acquisition.

How to Cite
DeKruifZ., & SmithJ. (2022). A Mixed-Methods Approach to Analyzing Writing Center Session Notes. Young Scholars in Writing, 19, 85-91. Retrieved from
Methodological Reflections